Mid spring is the time to start thinking about the “whys”and “hows” of fruit thinning, or manually removing some of the fruit from your trees. A lot of people have heard of it, but most people don’t really understand it – and anyway, pulling fruit off the tree just feels wrong!
One of the least understood reasons for doing this job is to try to break the cycle of biennial bearing that many fruit trees naturally adopt.
Here’s a typical bunch of plums on a tree as they naturally set. As you can see, there’s LOTS of plums in these two bunches at the end of a small branch.
This is what we’d call a “heavy” crop, and maybe enough to tell the tree to take a year off next year, or in other words, have a “light” crop.
If we remove all but two of the plums, we’re sending the tree a signal that it’s having a light crop this year, which will encourage it to have a heavy crop again next year.
But the good news is that if we do this job early enough we’re sacrificing very little actual fruit production, as the tree will put the same amount of energy into the fruit you leave on the tree as it would have to the big bunches of fruit.
Managing the crop is one of your main jobs as the caretaker of your fruit tree, but there’s several other excellent reasons for thinning as well, including protecting the structure of the tree, getting more usable fruit, and protecting it from pests and diseases.
Of course knowing how much fruit to remove is the tricky bit, and one of the things that stops people doing this job, or doing it properly. We’ve included charts to help you calculate the variables in the Fruit Tree Thinning short course.